Climate & Weather in Australia

Climate & Weather in Australia
The climate of Australia varies a lot – from very hot and dry outback to sub-zero temperatures in mountain regions.

Australia is known for a lot of things but one of the many is the vast variety of the country’s climate and weather however, Australia is mainly covered by an arid area or dessert area that forty percent of the landmass is covered by sand dunes. However, the south-east and south-west areas have a temperate climate and moderately fertile soil while the northern area of the country has a more tropical climate. The rainfall in Australia are considered to be seasonal but at most, Australians experienced mostly dry weather which resulting in the countries dry areas.

The people of Australia will mostly experience hot and dry weather as compared to rainfalls. The four main factors that contribute to such dry climate especially in the interior landmasses of the country are the cold ocean currents off the west coast, low elevation of landmasses, dominance of high-pressure systems and shape of the landmass. The cool body water causes low rates of evaporation which resulting of sparsely formed of rain clouds and limits long period of rainfalls in the country. Also because the country is of a compact shape, no significant moist winds could penetrate toward the far inland of the land which resulting in low rate of rainfalls. Very rarely Australia will happen to see snow falling especially on top of the mountains of Victoria, Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales and Tasmania. This is because the occasional cold snap caused by the drifting cold air from Antarctica, which happens to significantly causes snowfalls in certain areas of the country.

Climate & Weather in Australia
Most people know Australia for its hot, sunny weather and beautiful beaches, but there also are nice ski resorts covered with snow during winter.

The south-eastern temperate climate is referred to as an oceanic climate in which the region is typified by warm summer and mild winters. Unlike other countries like America that has summer in July and fall in January, here is it reversed in which January will be the hottest time of the year while it is coldest in July. Rainfall will come in between summer and winter but mostly heavy during the early parts of the year. In the central region of Australia which is mainly covered by desserts, rainfall rarely occurs but there are constant thunderstorms. During winter, the temperature in this area will only dropped to eighteen degrees Celsius.

The western area of Australia has a more Mediterranean climate of warm to hot, dry summers and mild to cool wet winters. Originally, the area is heavily forested. Just like other areas in Australia, the western coast too experience very little rainfall however, the climate is generally very dry from November to March due to evaporation exceeding rainfalls. Rainfalls rate in this area are greater during the summer months. In the northern territory there is savanna climate which is of high humidity two climate occasions, the wet season that occurs from November to April and the dry season that happens from May to October, quite reverse to the climate in a lot of other countries around the world. During the wet season, rainfall will only occasionally happen but during the dry season, the land is entirely dry and humid especially in the afternoon.