Culture of China

Culture of China
Chinese culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world, and therefore is quite interesting and rich.

The Chinese culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world, and thus is quite complex. As the People's Republic of China has the largest population in the world and is also one of the largest countries by landmass in the world, it is no surprise that this nation has customs and traditions that vary between provinces, and even cities and towns. In fact, there are 56 recognised ethnic groups and many of them still keep their own distinct traditions and language.

In terms of geographical areas, each territory or region is divided into subcultures which are represented by 3 ancestral items. For example, the region of Guangdong is represented by hay, aged ginger, and chenpi.

Social values are also derived from more ancient times. These values are derived from Taoism and Confucianism, so Neo-Confucian and Buddhist concepts play a major role in people's daily lives today. For example, the traditional cultural identity is community or family-oriented, which is a major concept in the Confucian belief system. Family structures are very important so therefore the family name is important. Relationships are deemed as important especially in business culture which is still prominent today in the form of “guanxi” which in western terms would be having a dynamic personalised network of influence. There are also related concepts such as “ganqing” which is the depth of feeling for an interpersonal relationship, “face” which can mean social status, prestige, honour, and propriety, as well as “renqing” which is a moral obligation to maintain a relationship.

Chinese food is famous all around the world, whether you are in Africa or in North America. There is a huge variety in Chinese cuisine styles, and most of them come from the dynastic period as Emperors would host banquets which had a whopping 100 dishes per meal! Many dishes are part of today's everyday foods which you can even find elsewhere. Although cooking styles such as American Chinese food are more modern, their roots come from these imperial cooking styles. For tourists who are interested in trying out real Chinese food from the dynastic era, the best restaurants would include the Oriole Pavilion, as well as Fangshan Restaurant in Beijing.

Games and sports are popular pastimes in Chinese culture. The most popular games is mah-jong. Other popular games include Shanghai Solitaire, Pai gow poker, Pai Gow, Xiangqi, Weiqi, and Chinese yo-yo. In many parks, you can find people doing tai chi, table tennis, and other forms of exercise.

In terms of mass media, literature and television are important. Despite the Cultural Revolution, the importance of literature is important. There are also top quality television shows, particularly those involving drama ranging from police shows to those set in imperial times. However, every region has a different taste as some provinces prefer slapstick comedy while others prefer romantic dramas.

As for the younger generation, those who were born since the late 1980s have been exposed to western pop culture. Many young people love American films, bars, nightclubs, brand names, western slang, as well as a unique mobile phone culture. Despite this love affair with the west, there is a resurgence in patriotism.