Geography of Hong Kong

Geography of Hong Kong

Facing the South China Sea is the vibrant Chinese territory of Hong Kong. It is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China which consists of 3 main areas – Hong Kong Island, the New Territories, and the Kowloon Peninsula. It is a rather hilly and mountainous region in the south, with lowlands in the north.

Hong Kong's official coordinates are 22° 15′ 0″ N, 114° 10′ 0″ E which is actually technically the Aberdeen Reservoir in Hong Kong island. The total geographical area of Hong Kong is 1,104 sq km, which consists of 1,054 sq km worth of landmass and 50 sq km of water. Compared to other islands and major regions in the world, this is tiny. In fact, the total geographical area is actually more than one-third smaller than Long Island, New York. It is the 183rd largest 'country' in the world, after the Faroe Islands.

Hong Kong is located at the Peral River Delta's mouth. This region consists of peninsulas and 262 territorial islands. The islands of Hong Kong include Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, Peng Chau, Tsing Yi Island, and Hong Kong island.

The name, “Hong Kong”, means “fragrant harbour”. This is referred to what is Aberdeen in Hong Kong Island, where fragrant incense and wood products were traded. Hong Kong island is also home to Victoria Harbour which is a deep natural maritime port between the island and Kowloon Peninsula.

Kowloon Peninsula is the north of Hong Kong island and south of the New Territories and Boundary Street. The Kowloon Peninsula consists of 5 districts. Just less than half of Hong Kong's population lives in Kowloon. A major part of Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula is reclaimed land.

The New Territories is part of the mainland and is north of Kowloon. It is south the Sham Chun River and this area consists of 952 sq km. There are 2 geographical areas, and there are 9 districts in the New Territories.

The southern part of Hong Kong is hilly and mountainous with slopes which are steep. The highest peak in Hong Kong is Tai Mo Shan in the New Territories, which stands 958 metres tall. After this, the majority of Hong Kong's major peaks occur on Lantau Island such as Lantau Peak, Sunset Peak, Lin Fa Shan, and Nei Lak Shan. Believe it or not, the most famous peak which is Victoria Peak, is actually only the 24th highest peak in the region. However, it is Hong Kong Island's highest point at 552 metres.

30 km worth of borderline is shared between Hong Kong and Shenzhen, China. It is also on the opposite side of Macau, with the Pearl River estuary creating a 60 km division. Although Hong Kong is known for its skyscrapers, there are some nature reserves and country parks. This comprises of less than 25% of the region.