Geography of Thailand

Situated in Southeast Asia, Thailand with its 3,000 km coastline offers countless beaches with pristine white sand and crystal clear water.
Situated in Southeast Asia, Thailand with its 3,000 km coastline offers countless beaches with pristine white sand and crystal clear water.

Thailand is a total of 513,120 square kilometers, making the country the 50th largest country in the world by land mass, even though it is ranked as the 20th largest country when it comes to population. Therefore, while the popular conception may be that Thailand is a small area, it is still comparable by population to larger countries such as the UK and France and is about the same size by land mass as France.

Due to the geographic location of Thailand, it experiences regular monsoon seasons the first of which occurs from the middle of May through September and then a second monsoon season from November through the middle of March. It should be noted that the second monsoon season is much drier and cools off the region. Those interested in visiting the southern isthmus however will not need to worry about monsoons as it is always humid and hot in this portion of the country.

Thailand has a diverse geographic layout with several different regions that belong to different provincial areas. The northern area of the country is undulating with many mountains, and the highest point on the island, Dol Inthanon, which measures 2,565m. The northeast corner of the country is made centered around the Khorat Plateau, which is bordered by the Mekong River on the east.

The central region of Thailand is also quite flat and is notable for the river valley either side of the Chao Phraya waterway that runs through the area and dumps out into the Gulf of Thailand. This region is known as the rural part of Thailand and is where farmers plant their crops due to the fact they can make full use of the river. Near the Gulf is the center point of tourism as the water is clear and shallow and features the main port in the region, Sattahip, and the Bangkok Seaport entry point.

Farther South the Kra Isthmus makes up the bottom of the country until it widens out into the Malay Peninsula. Thailand is known for these unique geographical differences given it allows the small country to feature six different regional areas that all differ based on their resources, population, features, and different levels of socioeconomic development.

The presence of the Andaman Sea also plays an integral part in Thailand’s tourism sector as it is home to some of the most exclusive and exotic resorts in Thai’s major island cities such as Krabi, Phuket, Trang, and Phang Nga. The islands are known as the playground of the exclusive and elite and receive millions of visitors from around the world on an annual basis even despite the effects of the 200 Tsunami from which they have recovered well.