Climate & Weather in the United Kingdom

Climate & Weather in the United Kingdom
Due to its geographic location the United Kingdom is known for its constantly changing weather and you can experience all seasons in just one day.

As they say, you can experience all seasons in just one day in the United Kingdom. The reason for this constantly changing weather is due to its geographic location. However, as it stretches between 10 latitudes, this does mean that there are some differences in climate between different parts of the United Kingdom as weather is also influenced by the major bodies of water and the continental European landmass nearby.

The United Kingdom is straddled between approximately 49°N and 59°N away from the equator. To the west is Eurasia, which is the largest land mass area in the world. Due to these particular boundary conditions, there is a convergence between continental air which is dry, and the maritime air which is moist. Due to this, temperature varies as this is unstable and therefore creates the well known varied weather during only one day.

In terms of regional areas, the UK is influenced not only by latitude, but also the Atlantic Ocean. The closer to the Atlantic, the wetter and windier that region is. As a result, it is no surprise that Wales, Northern Ireland, as well as the western regions of Scotland and England are included in this area. In the north, it is cooler than the south.

England is warmer than other countries that are part of the United Kingdom. It is also the sunniest compared to other countries in the UK the whole year round, with 193 hours of sunshine in July alone. The driest month is therefore July, and this month averages approximately 54 mm of rain. In the south-west region of England, the climate experiences more variations in seasonal temperature, however it is less extreme compared to the rest of the UK.

Believe it or not, Northern Ireland is actually warmer compared to Scotland. The temperature is typically mild, and gets quite a lot of sunshine.

Northern Ireland is much drier, and has less rain compared to Scotland. In Northern Ireland, it is drier per month compared to Wales even though it rains much more. If you hate rain, avoid visiting in January as this has the heaviest rainfall on average.

The coolest weather in the UK can be found in Scotland. The minimum temperature is -0.2C in January. Rainfall is the heaviest compared to other countries in the United Kingdom every month except for December, May, and June. There is also more cloud cover except for the middle of the year compared to other UK countries.

The temperature in Wales is fortunately much warmer than Scotland, is cooler than Northern Ireland, and milder than England. It is still wet, and rainfall can be rather intense. May is the best time to visit, as it is Wales' sunniest month.