History of the United Kingdom

History of United Kingdom
The United Kingdom has a long and rich history offering its visitors numerous historical and archaeological sites.

They say that good unions and partnerships create power. It is no wonder then that one of the most powerful nations in the world, the United Kingdom, has a history that is marked the unification of sovereign states under the political unity of the English kingdoms. These kingdoms included England, Scotland and Wales. A treaty called the Treaty of Union was signed on the 1st of May, 1707. This was then later ratified as the Acts of Union 1707.

This single treaty changed the face of islands of the United Kingdom forever. As part of the Treaty of Union, one constitutional monarch in addition to only one parliament house located at Westminster would be created. Before this, the Scottish and English kingdoms were actually separate states but were united after the Union of the Crowns which took place in 1603 which united political, administrative, legal, cultural, and scientific unions which the United Kingdom was built upon. What initially started as a rather hostile merger actually ended up being one of the most ongoing powerful unions in the world. An additional Act of Union took place in 1800, where the Kingdom of Ireland united with the United Kingdom, to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

The beginning of this united nation was marred due to the Jacobite risings. These were series of wars, rebellions, and uprisings between Britain and Ireland during 1688 to 1746 where they were soundly defeated in the 1746 Battle of Culloden. These uprisings were aimed at returning James VII of Scotland and II of England as well as his descendants from the House of Stuart to his place on the throne of which he was terminated from during the time of the Glorious Revolution (also known as the Revolution of 1688).

In 1764, during the 7 Years War, the British Empire started its global domination for about a century. This grew to be the largest empire that history has ever known. By the 1920's, the British Empire expanded to about a quarter of entire population on Earth, which was 458 million people. Therefore, the United Kingdom's political, linguistic, and economic/industrial legacies can be found all over the world.

The Anglo-Irish Treaty was created in 1922, where Ireland successfully parted from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to be known as a Great British dominion called the Irish Free State and later became its own Republic of Ireland. However, a day or two afterwards, Northern Ireland separated from the Irish Free State and re-joined the United Kingdom. Due to this, in 1927, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland changed its long name to “Britain”, “UK”, or the “United Kingdom”.

After World War II where the UK played a role as part of the Allies, many of the territories that formed the large British Empire were granted independence. Many joined the Commonwealth of Nations, which is an association of these independent states. However, some of them still have the reigning British Monarch as the head of their country, such as Australia. There are currently 54 independent sovereign states including Australia, Canada, India, Malaysian, New Zealand, Singapore, and Uganda. The United Kingdom is also a member. However, all of these member nations are still linked to each other through the Commonwealth Games, Commonwealth Business Council, Commonwealth of Learning, Commonwealth Foundation, and the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Other than being a key member of the Commonwealth of Nations, it is a great world power and an influential member of NATO, the European Union, and the United Nations. It is a strong and stable cultural, military, economic, and political player who continues to have a large influence throughout the world.