History of the United States of America

History of the United States of America

The United States of America has a long and illustrious history. It was occupied by natives (Native Americans as they are now known), long before Christopher Columbus discovered the land in 1492. The declaration of independence was signed in 1776.

Ben Franklin, originally from Boston, was said to do his famous kite experiment in the early 1750’s as he studied electricity and lightning. This earned him international fame.

The Boston Tea Party caused the start of the American Revolution in 1775. Colonists in Boston acted against the British government and the East India Trading Company, which controlled all of the tea coming into the colonies. On December 16, 1773, Boston officials refused to return British shiploads of taxed tea to Britain. The tea was thrown into the Boston Harbour and destroyed by a group of colonists.

The first official president of the United States was George Washington, otherwise known as a founding father. He held office from 1789 – 1797. The nation’s capital is, of course, named after him.

The U.S. has an ugly history with regards to Africans and slavery. Slavery was abolished in the north, but because of the world’s demand for cotton, it ran rampant in the southern states. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln ordered the end to slavery expansion and triggered the American Civil War from 1861- 1865; it butted north against south, and the north won. This brought an end to slavery and extended human rights and freedoms to African Americans. To this day, there are racist groups in the south that think African Americans are not equal to whites.

The U.S. entered WWII when Pearl Harbour, the Japanese attacked Hawaii on the on December 7, 1941. This strike led to many victims as more than 2,400 people casualties, and 1,200 wounded. It was considered the worst attack on the U.S. until 9/11.

The United States was instrumental in creating the fast food and franchise industries. In the 1950’s, Ray Kroc, one of the founding members of McDonald’s restaurants, opened up his own hamburger joint. He quickly realized that the real money was in franchises. Slowly, new restaurants opened up across the country, all operating the exact same way. The restaurants expanded into Canada, then around the world; other businesses soon followed and the fast food industry was born.

John F. Kennedy was one of the most popular U.S. Presidents in history. Sadly in November 22, 1963, he was assassinated. He was the 35th United States President and was killed as he was riding a motorcade with his wife Jacqueline. His attacker was Henry Lee Oswald.

On October 1, 1971, an amusement park opened in Orlando, Florida that has become part of the American culture and indeed, everyone around the world visits every year. Disney World was created by a man named Walt Disney. Unfortunately, he died before he actually saw his dream of the amusement park come to fruition. There are now many other Disney World locations around the world, but the Florida location remains the biggest and most famous.

On September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks took down the Twin Towers in New York, as well as crashing one plane in Pennsylvania and another plane into the Pentagon in Washington. Over 3,000 people were killed and that one fateful day changed air travel forever. Much stricter rules were put in place and passengers were severely limited in the items they were allowed to have with them.

During the summer Olympics of 2008, U.S. Olympic swimmer made Olympic history by winning the most medals ever to be won by one person. He also has the largest gold medal tally.

The 44th President of the United States is Barack Obama. He was elected to presidency on the 20th of January, 2009. He has gone into the record books for being the first African-American President in history of the United States. In October 2009, Obama was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize due to his “extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.”

The U.S. continues to be a leader in the manufacturing, technology and exporting industries; the entertainment industry, and more.